This report provides a summary of the major issues emerging from a year of dialogue based focused groups and stakeholder research aimed at better understanding the barriers to, and opportunities for, greater cooperation with the global Muslim aid and development sector. Under the auspices of the EU Commission’s Bridging Transatlantic Voices Initiative, researchers at the British Council and Georgia State University facilitated two closed-door dialogue-based focused groups with practitioners, policy-makers, and scholars to gain insight into the history and trajectory of engagement between Muslim FBOs and their counterparts in the mainstream international aid and development sector.